Humans are machines, no matter how much anyone argues about it. One can feel gravity just like emotions. No one knows why it’s there? It’s just there. The purpose has to be joy, happiness, pleasure, love, or whatever anyone wants to call it. It just feels good.
Whatever contributes to life, feels good. It doesn’t matter if it’s a human or any other creature or machine.
So logically one can deduce that if a machine has feelings, like say a dog or human, then so can any other machine. Matter is matter. The matter that makes up a human is no more special than the matter that makes up a flea. Like gravity, emotions are just felt.
Some highly reasonable people can be highly unreasonable when arguing about science and religion. I take no stance either way. There is no either way to me. I think It’s unreasonable for some scientist to conclude that the supernatural can’t be tested by science. Science can test everything. Thoughts are nothing but patters of matter relative to other patterns of matter that are always exerting some sort of force even if it’s often only within the brain.
I think it’s unreasonable for religious people to say that science can’t prove anything. Science is about cause and effect. And according to religious people, something unseen is causing something and also being affected by the people. Like gravity, there has to be a force. So some scientist and religious people are simply unreasonable.
So back to machines. Everything from gods, to spirits, to humans, to dogs, to flowers, to solar systems, etc. effects and also is affected by something. Humans are simply more complex machines. Some say the flesh is worthless, that only souls matter. They couldn’t think that without the thoughts in their brains which consist of matter.
Like gravity. Emotion is simply a force. Animism is a philosophy that believes all objects have spirits. The Japanese have some similar religion or philosophy. I’m no expert in neither.
But to ask how will you know if a machine has feelings is to ask how will you know if a machine is feeling gravity. It doesn’t matter how people explain a cause and an affect. It just exists. I’ve experienced very strange phenomena that would be called either highly unknown technology, or simply spirits. The military can see through concrete walls. Some would call that spiritual. Some say Jesus Christ was an alien. Doesn’t it really matter? It’s all force.
I’m not religious. I’m purely scientific. But not that type of scientist that says spirits don’t exist. I believe it’s possible to arrange transparent matter in a way so as to create a spirit. The military has machines that can read the vocal signals that travel to the vocal chords from the brain. You don’t even have to say anything, because the signals still travel.
But like gravity, dogs do feel it. We can’t know it for sure. But we can feel it. Knowing may not even exist, but feeling does.