I’m studying philosophy now. Philosophy is not surprisingly a vast subject. I’m focusing on introductory material. I don’t think there is a set of fundamental rules when practicing philosophy. Philosophy is about asking about anything and everything. Philosophy was science. There is analytical philosophy, which uses the rules of logic to restrict philosophy to reasonable(logical) thinking. But there’s even a philosophy of logic. So philosophy is without restriction thinking freely about everything possibly imaginable, even philosophy itself, which is called metaphilosophy. But ultimately, the modern definition of philosophy is about formulating answers to the “bigger” questions of the infinite realm.
The course below seems to have a good definition of philosophy. I’ll improve and elaborate my ideas as I learn more. I do prefer California courses. But unfortunately I haven’t found any courses as good as the one listed below yet. I’m from California. And maybe a bit biased. 🙂 Enjoy.
Here’s a link to a course by Harvard and MIT entitled Introduction to Philosophy: God, Knowledge and Consciousness.
Here’s a link to the professor’s home page, Caspar John Hare, who happens to be the heir apparent to his father who is a British Viscount.